wood anemone

Anemone quinquefolia

Image of wood anemone in bloom.


Anemone quinquefolia is a perennial herb that typically grows to be about 6-12 inches tall. The plant has delicate, white or pink flowers that bloom in the spring. Each flower has 5-20 petals that are 1-2 cm in diameter. The flowers are held on slender stalks above the leaves and bloom from April to June. The leaves are glossy, green, and deeply lobed, with 3-5 lobes. The leaves emerge from the base of the plant and are arranged in a basal rosette.

Anemone quinquefolia is native to North America and can be found growing in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, along streams, and in other damp locations. It prefers shaded or partially shaded areas and grows well in well-drained, moist soils. It can be found in the wild from Newfoundland to the Northwest Territories and south to the mountains of Georgia and Arizona. It is common in the woodlands across Wisconsin.


wood anemone

USDA Symbol: Common Name: Scientific Name:
ANQU wood anemone Anemone quinquefolia

ITIS TSN: 18448

Category: Dicot


Kingdom: Plantae


Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta


Class: Magnoliopsida

SubClass: Magnoliidae

Order: Ranunculales

Family: Ranunculaceae

Counties: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Brown, Buffalo, Burnett, Calumet, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Florence, Fond du Lac, Forest, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kenosha, Kewaunee, La Crosse, Lafayette, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marinette, Marquette, Menominee, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Oneida, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, portageprice, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waukesha, Waupaca, Waushara, Winnebago, Wood

Sample Description

Natural Community: Southern Oak Forest-Oak Woodland

Curtis Community: Mesic Prairie, Northern Dry-mesic Forest, Southern Dry Forest, Southern Dry-mesic Forest, Wet Prairie, Wet-mesic Prairie

Coefficient of Conservation: 6

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Forb/herb L48(N)CAN(N)

Active Growth Period:

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:


Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio:

Coppice Potential:

Conspicuous Fall Color:

Fire Resistant:

Flower Color: White

Conspicuous Flower: Yes

Foliage Color:

Foliage Light Porosity Summer:

Foliage Porosity Winter:

Foliage Texture:

Fruit/Seed Color:

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No

Growth Form:

Growth Rate:

Height at Base Age (Max):

Height at Maturity:

Known Alelopath: No

Leaf Retention:


Low Growing Grass: No


Shape and Orientation: Erect


Height (min): 12

Height (max): 24

Root Type: Rhizome

Leaf Type:

Leaf Arrangement:

Leaf Shape: pinnatisect

Leaf Margin: serrate

Vein Pattern:

Bloom Period: Commercial Availability: Fruit/Seed Abundance:
Mid Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Mid Summer Routinely Available Low
Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fruit/Seed Period End: Fruit/Seed Persistence:
Propogated by Bare Root: Propogated by Bulbs: Propogated by Container:
No No Yes
Propogated by Corms: Propogated by Cuttings: Propogated by Seed:
No No Yes
Propogated by Sod: Propogated by Sprigs: Propogated by Tubers:
No No Yes
Seeds per Pound: Seed Spread Rate: Seedling Vigor:
Small Grain: Vegetative Spread Rate: Propagation Treatment:
No Moist Stratification
Days to Stratify: Direct Sowing Time:
Early Spring, Spring


  1. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Database – Anemone quinquefolia
  2. USDA Plants Database – Anemone quinquefolia
  3. Wisflora Database – Anemone quinquefolia

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