sugar maple

sugar maple

USDA Symbol: Common Name: Scientific Name:
ACSA3 sugar maple Acer saccharum

ITIS TSN: 28731

Category: Dicot


Kingdom: Plantae


Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta


Class: Magnoliopsida

SubClass: Rosidae

Order: Sapindales

Family: Aceraceae


Natural Community:

Coefficient of Conservation: 5

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Tree, Shrub L48(N)CAN(N)

Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:

Bloat: None

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio: High

Coppice Potential: No

Conspicuous Fall Color: Yes

Fire Resistant: No

Flower Color: Green

Conspicuous Flower: No

Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Light Porosity Summer: Dense

Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous

Foliage Texture: Coarse

Fruit/Seed Color: Brown

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No

Growth Form: Single Stem

Growth Rate: Slow

Height at Base Age (Max): 20

Height at Maturity: 100

Known Alelopath: Yes

Leaf Retention: No

Lifespan: Long

Low Growing Grass: No

Re-sproutability: Yes

Shape and Orientation: Erect

Toxicity: None

Height (min):

Height (max):

Root Type:

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes

Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes

Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No

Anaerobic Tolerance:

CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

Cold Stratification Required: Yes

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Fertility Requirement: Medium

_Fire Tolerance: Low

Frost Free Days, Minimum: 80

Hedge Tolerance: None

Moisture Use: Medium

pH (Minimum): 3.7

pH (Maximum): 7.9

Planting Density per Acre, Minimum: 300

Planting Density per Acre, Maximum: 700

Precipitation (Minimum): 22

Precipitation (Maximum): 80

Root Depth, Minimum (inches): 40

Salinity Tolerance: None

Shade Tolerance: Tolerant

Temperature, Minimum (°F): -47

Plant Spacing (min):

Plant Spacing (max):

Bloom Period: Commercial Availability: Fruit/Seed Abundance:
Mid Spring Routinely Available High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fruit/Seed Period End: Fruit/Seed Persistence:
Summer Fall Yes
Propogated by Bare Root: Propogated by Bulbs: Propogated by Container:
Yes No Yes
Propogated by Corms: Propogated by Cuttings: Propogated by Seed:
No Yes Yes
Propogated by Sod: Propogated by Sprigs: Propogated by Tubers:
No No No
Seeds per Pound: Seed Spread Rate: Seedling Vigor:
6540 Moderate High
Small Grain: Vegetative Spread Rate: Propagation Treatment:
No None
Days to Stratify: Direct Sowing Time:


Berry/Nut/Seed Product: Christmas Tree Product: Fodder Product:
No No No
Fuelwood Product: Lumber Product: Naval Store Product:
High Yes Yes
Nursery Stock Product: Palatable Browse Animal: Palatable Graze Animal:
No Medium --
Palatable Human: Post Product: Protein Potential:
Yes No --
Pulpwood Product: Veneer Product:
Yes Yes