white oak

white oak (Quercus Alba)


White oak is the iconic species of the open oak woodland community that once dominated large areas of southwestern Wisconsin. It is at home in mesic and dry mesic prairie settings, as well.

white oak

USDA Symbol: Common Name: Scientific Name:
QUAL white oak Quercus alba

ITIS TSN: 19290

Category: Dicot


Kingdom: Plantae


Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta


Class: Magnoliopsida

SubClass: Hamamelididae

Order: Fagales

Family: Fagaceae

Counties: Adams, Ashland, Brown, Buffalo, Burnett, Calumet, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Dunn, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Forest, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kenosha, La Crosse, Lafayette, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marinette, Marquette, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Outagamie, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Portage, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waukesha, Waupaca, Waushara, Winnebago, Wood

Natural Community: Southern Red Oak-Mixed Forest, Black Oak-Hill's Oak Barrens

Curtis Community: Northern Dry Forest, Northern Dry-mesic Forest, Southern Wet-Mesic Forest, Southern Wet Forest, Southern Dry-mesic Forest, Oak Barrens

Coefficient of Conservation: 7

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Tree L48(N)CAN(N)

Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:

Bloat: None

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio: High

Coppice Potential: Yes

Conspicuous Fall Color: Yes

Fire Resistant: No

Flower Color: Yellow

Conspicuous Flower: No

Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Light Porosity Summer: Dense

Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous

Foliage Texture: Medium

Fruit/Seed Color: Brown

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes

Growth Form: Single Stem

Growth Rate: Slow

Height at Base Age (Max): 25

Height at Maturity: 100

Known Alelopath: No

Leaf Retention: No

Lifespan: Long

Low Growing Grass: No

Re-sproutability: Yes

Shape and Orientation: Erect

Toxicity: None

Height (min):

Height (max):

Root Type:

Leaf Type:

Leaf Arrangement:

Leaf Shape:

Leaf Margin:

Vein Pattern:

Bloom Period: Commercial Availability: Fruit/Seed Abundance:
Mid Spring Routinely Available High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fruit/Seed Period End: Fruit/Seed Persistence:
Summer Fall No
Propogated by Bare Root: Propogated by Bulbs: Propogated by Container:
Yes No Yes
Propogated by Corms: Propogated by Cuttings: Propogated by Seed:
No No Yes
Propogated by Sod: Propogated by Sprigs: Propogated by Tubers:
No No No
Seeds per Pound: Seed Spread Rate: Seedling Vigor:
128 Slow High
Small Grain: Vegetative Spread Rate: Propagation Treatment:
No None
Days to Stratify: Direct Sowing Time:


Native Plant Network – Bare Root (field grown)
Native Plant Network  – Seed (plug)


  1. iNaturalist Database – Quercus alba
  2. USDA Plants DatabaseQuercus alba
  3. WisFlora Database – Quercus alba