white oak (Quercus Alba)


White oak is the iconic species of the open oak woodland community that once dominated large areas of southwestern Wisconsin. It is at home in mesic and dry mesic prairie settings, as well.

white oak

USDA Symbol Common Name Scientific Name
QUAL white oak Quercus alba

ITIS TSN: 19290

Category: Dicot


Kingdom: Plantae


Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta


Class: Magnoliopsida

SubClass: Hamamelididae

Order: Fagales

Family: Fagaceae

Natural Community: Array

Coefficient of Conservation: 7

Duration Growth Habit Native Status
Perennial Tree

Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:

Bloat: None

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio: High

Coppice Potential: Yes

Conspicuous Fall Color: Yes

Fire Resistant: No

Flower Color: Yellow

Conspicuous Flower: No

Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Light Porosity Summer: Dense

Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous

Foliage Texture: Medium

Fruit/Seed Color: Brown

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes

Growth Form: Single Stem

Growth Rate: Slow

Height at Base Age (Max): 25

Height at Maturity: 100

Known Alelopath: No

Leaf Retention: No

Lifespan: Long

Low Growing Grass: No

Re-sproutability: Yes

Shape and Orientation: Erect

Toxicity: None

Height (min):

Height (max):

Root Type:

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes

Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes

Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No

Anaerobic Tolerance:

CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

Cold Stratification Required: No

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Fertility Requirement: Low

_Fire Tolerance: Medium

Frost Free Days, Minimum: 145

Hedge Tolerance: None

Moisture Use: Medium

pH (Minimum): 4.5

pH (Maximum): 6.8

Planting Density per Acre, Minimum: 300

Planting Density per Acre, Maximum: 800

Precipitation (Minimum): 30

Precipitation (Maximum): 80

Root Depth, Minimum (inches): 48

Salinity Tolerance: Medium

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate

Temperature, Minimum (°F): -43

Plant Spacing (min):

Plant Spacing (max):

Bloom Period Commercial Availability Fruit/Seed Abundance
Mid Spring Routinely Available High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Fruit/Seed Period End Fruit/Seed Persistence
Summer Fall No
Propogated by Bare Root Propogated by Bulbs Propogated by Container
Yes No Yes
Propogated by Corms Propogated by Cuttings Propogated by Seed
No No Yes
Propogated by Sod Propogated by Sprigs Propogated by Tubers
No No No
Seeds per Pound Seed Spread Rate Seedling Vigor
128 Slow High
Small Grain Vegetative Spread Rate Propagation Treatment
No None
Days to Stratify Direct Sowing Time
Berry/Nut/Seed Product Christmas Tree Product Fodder Product
No No No
Fuelwood Product Lumber Product Naval Store Product
High Yes Yes
Nursery Stock Product Palatable Browse Animal Palatable Graze Animal
Yes Medium --
Palatable Human Post Product Protein Potential
No No Medium
Pulpwood Product Veneer Product Benefits
No Yes
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