Viburnum opulus var. americanum

closeup image of highbush cranberry berries

Bright red berries on branches with dark green leaves. These are highbush cranberries and it is October in Wisconsin.

Description:

The highbush cranberry is not a cranberry though its fruit looks and tastes like cranberries. It is part of the honeysuckle family, whereas the true (or low bush) cranberry is a member of the heather family.

Highbush cranberry grows in hardiness zones 2-7, is 8-15 feet tall and 8-10 feet wide. It tolerates frost and likes sun or semi-shade. This bush is successful in most soil types but does best in well-drained, moist soil that is rich and contains loam.

Use and Management:

This bush is a magnet for wildlife. It provides food for deer and birds. It can be used as a hedge by spacing plants 2-3 feet apart.

Additional Information:

highbush cranberry

USDA Symbol: Common Name: Scientific Name:
ABBA balsam fir Abies balsamea

ITIS TSN: 18032

Category: Gymnosperm

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae

Subkingdom:

Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Coniferophyta

Subdivision:

Class: Pinopsida

SubClass:

Order: Pinales

Family: Pinaceae

Natural Community: Array

Coefficient of Conservation: 6

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Shrub, Tree

Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:

Bloat: None

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio: High

Coppice Potential: No

Conspicuous Fall Color: Yes

Fire Resistant: No

Flower Color: White

Conspicuous Flower: Yes

Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Light Porosity Summer: Moderate

Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous

Foliage Texture: Coarse

Fruit/Seed Color: Red

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes

Growth Form: Multiple Stem

Growth Rate: Slow

Height at Base Age (Max): 6

Height at Maturity: 6

Known Alelopath: No

Leaf Retention: No

Lifespan: Long

Low Growing Grass: No

Re-sproutability: No

Shape and Orientation: Erect

Toxicity: None

Height (min):

Height (max):

Root Type:

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes

Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes

Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: Yes

Anaerobic Tolerance:

CaCO3 Tolerance: Low

Cold Stratification Required: No

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Fertility Requirement: Medium

_Fire Tolerance: Medium

Frost Free Days, Minimum: 90

Hedge Tolerance: Medium

Moisture Use: High

pH (Minimum): 4.5

pH (Maximum): 6.9

Planting Density per Acre, Minimum: 700

Planting Density per Acre, Maximum: 1100

Precipitation (Minimum): 35

Precipitation (Maximum): 55

Root Depth, Minimum (inches): 14

Salinity Tolerance: None

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate

Temperature, Minimum (°F): -33

Plant Spacing (min):

Plant Spacing (max):

Bloom Period: Commercial Availability: Fruit/Seed Abundance:
Mid Spring Routinely Available High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fruit/Seed Period End: Fruit/Seed Persistence:
Summer Fall Yes
Propogated by Bare Root: Propogated by Bulbs: Propogated by Container:
Yes No Yes
Propogated by Corms: Propogated by Cuttings: Propogated by Seed:
No Yes No
Propogated by Sod: Propogated by Sprigs: Propogated by Tubers:
No No No
Seeds per Pound: Seed Spread Rate: Seedling Vigor:
13000 None Low
Small Grain: Vegetative Spread Rate: Propagation Treatment:
No Slow
Days to Stratify: Direct Sowing Time:
Berry/Nut/Seed Product: Christmas Tree Product: Fodder Product:
No No No
Fuelwood Product: Lumber Product: Naval Store Product:
-- No No
Nursery Stock Product: Palatable Browse Animal: Palatable Graze Animal:
Yes Medium Low
Palatable Human: Post Product: Protein Potential:
Yes No Low
Pulpwood Product: Veneer Product: Benefits:
No No

References:

USDA Plants Database
Wisconsin Virtual Flora Database 
Maine Cooperative Extension
Native Plant Network Propagation Protocol Database
USFS Fire Effects Information System Database

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