downy gentian

Gentiana puberulenta

Image of downy gentian.


Downy gentian (Gentiana puberulenta) is a perennial wildflower native to North America. It has bright blue or purple flowers that bloom in the late summer and fall. The flowers have a distinctive frilly texture and are often used in bouquets and floral arrangements. The plant has downy leaves and stems, and can grow up to 2 feet tall. Downy gentian is typically found in moist, shady areas, such as along streams and in meadows. It is a member of the gentian family, which also includes other well-known wildflowers such as the fringed gentian and the bottle gentian.


downy gentian

USDA Symbol: Common Name: Scientific Name:
GEPU5 downy gentian Gentiana puberulenta

ITIS TSN: 29984

Category: Dicot


Kingdom: Plantae


Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta


Class: Magnoliopsida

SubClass: Asteridae

Order: Gentianales

Family: Gentianaceae

Counties: Adams, Burnett, Columbia, Dane, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Jefferson, Juneau, Kenosha, La Crosse, Lafayette, Marquette, Milwaukee, Monroe, Pierce, Portage, Racine, Richland, Rock, Sauk, St. Croix, Walworth, Waukesha, Waushara, Wood

Natural Community:

Curtis Community:

Coefficient of Conservation: 9

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Forb/herb L48(N)CAN(N)

Active Growth Period:

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:


Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio:

Coppice Potential:

Conspicuous Fall Color: No

Fire Resistant:

Flower Color:

Conspicuous Flower: Yes

Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Light Porosity Summer:

Foliage Porosity Winter:

Foliage Texture:

Fruit/Seed Color:

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous:

Growth Form:

Growth Rate:

Height at Base Age (Max):

Height at Maturity:

Known Alelopath: No

Leaf Retention:


Low Growing Grass:


Shape and Orientation:


Height (min):

Height (max):

Root Type:

Leaf Type:

Leaf Arrangement: opposite

Leaf Shape: lanceolate

Leaf Margin: entire

Vein Pattern: parallel

Bloom Period: Commercial Availability: Fruit/Seed Abundance:
Late Summer Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fruit/Seed Period End: Fruit/Seed Persistence:
Propogated by Bare Root: Propogated by Bulbs: Propogated by Container:
No No Yes
Propogated by Corms: Propogated by Cuttings: Propogated by Seed:
No Yes
Propogated by Sod: Propogated by Sprigs: Propogated by Tubers:
No No
Seeds per Pound: Seed Spread Rate: Seedling Vigor:
Small Grain: Vegetative Spread Rate: Propagation Treatment:
Days to Stratify: Direct Sowing Time:


  1. iNaturalist Database – Gentiana puberulenta
  2. USDA Plants DatabaseGentiana puberulenta
  3. Wisflora DatabaseGentiana puberulenta

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