maple leaf viburnum

Viburnum acerifolium

Image of blooming maple leaf viburnum.
Maple leaf viburnum has deep green leaves, white flowers and red berries.

Description:

Stems:

Leaves: 3-lobed leaves

Flowers: Flat-topped clusters of white flowers

Fruit/Seeds: Berries turning from red to blue-black.

Locations:

Found in woodlands.

Impact:

Provides good nesting and escape cover for numerous species of birds and small mammals. The fruits of mapleleaf viburnum are eaten by white-tailed deer, rabbits, mice, skunks, ruffed grouse, ring-necked pheasants, wild turkeys, and many species of songbirds. The twigs, bark, and leaves are eaten by white-tailed deer, moose, rabbits, and beavers.

maple leaf viburnum

USDA Symbol: Common Name: Scientific Name:
VIAC mapleleaf viburnum Viburnum acerifolium

ITIS TSN: 35255

Category: Dicot

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae

Subkingdom:

Super Division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta

Subdivision:

Class: Magnoliopsida

SubClass: Asteridae

Order: Dipsacales

Family: Caprifoliaceae

Counties: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Brown, Calumet, Chippewa, Clark, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Dunn, Eau Claire, Florence, Fond du Lac, Forest, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Juneau, Kenosha, Kewaunee, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marinette, Menominee, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Oneida, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Portage, Price, Racine, Richland, Rusk, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, Taylor, Vernon, Vilas, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waukesha, Waupaca, Winnebago, Wood

Natural Community:

Coefficient of Conservation: 7

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Shrub, Subshrub L48(N)CAN(N)

Natural Community:

Coefficient of Conservation: 7

Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status:
Perennial Shrub, Subshrub

Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer

After Harvest Regrowth Rate:

Bloat: None

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio: Medium

Coppice Potential: Yes

Conspicuous Fall Color: Yes

Fire Resistant: No

Flower Color: White

Conspicuous Flower: Yes

Foliage Color: Green

Foliage Light Porosity Summer: Moderate

Foliage Porosity Winter: Porous

Foliage Texture: Medium

Fruit/Seed Color: Red

Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes

Growth Form: Multiple Stem

Growth Rate: Slow

Height at Base Age (Max): 6

Height at Maturity: 6

Known Alelopath: No

Leaf Retention: No

Lifespan: Long

Low Growing Grass: No

Re-sproutability: Yes

Shape and Orientation: Erect

Toxicity: None

Height (min):

Height (max):

Root Type:

Bloom Period: Commercial Availability: Fruit/Seed Abundance:
Indeterminate No Known Source Medium
Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Fruit/Seed Period End: Fruit/Seed Persistence:
Summer Fall No
Propogated by Bare Root: Propogated by Bulbs: Propogated by Container:
Yes No Yes
Propogated by Corms: Propogated by Cuttings: Propogated by Seed:
No No Yes
Propogated by Sod: Propogated by Sprigs: Propogated by Tubers:
No No No
Seeds per Pound: Seed Spread Rate: Seedling Vigor:
13100 Slow Low
Small Grain: Vegetative Spread Rate: Propagation Treatment:
No None
Days to Stratify: Direct Sowing Time:

References:

  1. Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)Viburnum acerifolium
  2. iNaturalist DatabaseViburnum acerifolium
  3. Morton arboretum DatabaseViburnum acerifolium
  4. NRCS Plant GuideViburnum aceifolium
  5. Baird, John W. 1980. The selection and use of fruit by birds in an eastern forest. Wilson Bulletin. 92(1): 63-73
  6. Gill, John D.; Pogge, Franz L. 1974. Viburnum L.   Viburnum. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agriculture Handbook No. 450. Washington: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 844-850.

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