Submerged Marsh


Bayfield, Buffalo, Columbia, Douglas, Jefferson, Oconto, Oneida, and Vilas


The Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota & Wisconsin uses the term Shallow Open Water Communities as a direct corollary to Curtis term Submerged Marsh. According to Eggars & Reed, shallow, open water communities generally have water depths of less than 6.6 feet (2 meters).

Alternative Natural Community Names:

Cowardin Palustrine or lacustrine, littoral; aquatic bed, submergent, floating, and floating-leaved
Eggers & Reed Shallow, Open Water
Hoffman Insert Community Here
WDNR Aquatic bed, Submergent Marsh
Shaw Type 5; Inland open fresh water
US National Vegetation Classification CEGL002282 Potamogeton spp. – Ceratophyllum spp. Midwest Aquatic Vegetation

Typical Plant Species:

Scientific Name Common Name
Brasenia schreberi watershield
Ceratophyllum demersum coon's tail
Dalea candida white prairie clover
Myriophyllum sibiricum shortspike watermilfoil
Myriophyllum verticillatum whorl-leaf watermilfoil
Nuphar variegata varigated yellow pond-lily
Potamogeton amplifolius largeleaf pondweed
Potamogeton illinoensis Illinois pondweed
Potamogeton natans floating pondweed
Stuckenia pectinata sago pondweed
Utricularia macrorhiza common bladderwort
Zizania aquatica annual wildrice


Curtis, John T. The Vegetation of Wisconsin.  University of Wisconsin Press. 1959.

Eggers, Steven D. and Reed, Donald M. Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota & Wisconsin, second edition. US Army Core of Engineers. Final Report 1997.

Cowardin, Carter, Golet and LaRoe. Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States, second edition. Federal Geographic Data Committee. 1979, 2013.

Hoffman, Randolph M. Wisconsin’s Natural Communities: How to Recognize Them, Where to Find Them, second edition. University of Wisconsin Press. 2002.

Shaw, Samual P, and Fredine, C. Gordon. Wetlands of the United States. 1971.

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Wisconsin Wetland Inventory Classification Guide. 1992.