World Soil Day recognizes the role that soil plays for every living creature.
Soil is the upper layer of earth, a mixture of organic and inorganic matter, in which plants grow.
It is a finite natural resource. On a human time-scale it is non-renewable. However, despite the essential role that soil plays in human livelihoods, there is a worldwide increase in degradation of soil resources due to inappropriate management practices, population pressure driving unsustainable intensification and inadequate governance over this essential resource.